Contribution of parental social support and self-control to student truancy behavior

Candra Prasiska Rahmat(1), Herman Nirwana(2), Netrawati Netrawati(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author


DOI : https://doi.org/10.32698/01121

Full Text:    Language : en

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the contribution of parental social support and self-control both individually and collectively on student truancy behavior. This research uses descriptive correlational quantitative method. The study population was vocational high school students Muhammadiyah 1 Padang registered in the odd semester of the school year 2020/2021 as many as 447 students. The research sample was 127 students, who were selected by purposive sampling technique. The instrument uses a parental social support scale, self-control scale and the results of student absenteeism recapitulation. The research data were analyzed using descriptive correlational statistics and multiple regressions. The research findings proved that parental social support and self-control simultaneously contributed to student truancy behavior as much as 44.5%. The implication of the results of this study can be used as input for creating guidance and counseling service programs in preventing and reducing truancy in students.

Keywords


Parental Social Support, Self-Control, Truancy Behavior.

References


Adawiyah, R. A. R. (2013). Kecerdasan Emosional, Dukungan Sosial dan Kecenderungan Burnout. Persona:Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 2(2), 99–107.

Adiyatma, R., Mudjiran, & Afdal. (2020). The Contribution of Self-Control towards Student Smartphone Addiction. SCHOULID: Indonesia Journal of School Counseling, 5(1), 45–49.

Anam, K. (2017). Hubungan Antara Konformitas dan Dukungan Orangtua Terhadap Prokrastinasi Akademik Siswa SMP Negeri 2 Samarinda. Ejournal Psikologi, 5(1), 1–11.

Ansong, D., Okumu, M., Bowen, G. L., Walker, A. M., & Eisensmith, S. R. (2017). The role of parent, classmate, and teacher support in student engagement: Evidence from Ghana. International Journal of Educational Development, 54(March), 51–58.

Asri, K. P., & Nurmina. (2019). Kontribusi pola asuh terhadap perilaku membolos siswa sma pgri di kota padang. Jurnal Riset Psikologi, 1.

Astarini, D., Nirwana, H., & Ahmad, R. (2016). Hubungan antara Konsep Diri Sosial, Persepsi Siswa tentang Dukungan Sosial Orangtua, dan Teman Sebaya dengan Komunikasi Interpersonal Siswa dan Implikasinya terhadap Pelayanan Bimbingan dan Konseli. Konselor, 5(4), 247.

Astari, L., & Widagda K., I. (2014). Pengaruh Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin dan Kontrol Diri terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Impulsif Produk Parfum. E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana, 3(3), 40-48.

Attwood, G., & Croll, P. (2015). Truancy and well-being among secondary school pupils in England. Educational Studies, 41(1–2), 14–28.

Bennett, S., Mazerolle, L., Antrobus, E., Eggins, E., & Piquero, A. R. (2018). Truancy intervention reduces crime: Results from a randomized field trial. Justice Quarterly, 35(2), 309–329.

Benson, B. (2020). The use of the routine activities theory on policing informal settlements in the Global South. South African Geographical Journal, 5(3), 1–18.

Cox, A. L. (2017). Contributing factors of truancy/absenteeism. University of Houston-Clear Lake.

Damayanti, N., & Ilyas, A. (2019). Self-control profile of students in implementing discipline in school. JPGI (Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia), 3(2), 103–109.

Devianasari, Suarni, W., & Aspin. (2018). Pengaruh layanan bimbingan kelompok dalam mengembangkan kontrol diri siswa SMP Negeri 36 Konawe Selatan. Jurnal Bening, 2(2), 67–78.

Dianto, M. (2017). Profil Dukungan Sosial Orangtua Siswa di SMP Negeri Kecamatan Batang Kapas Pesisir Selatan. Jurnal Counseling Care, 1(1), 42–51.

Easton, L. B. (2015). Professional Development Discussion Guide. Phi Delta Kappan, 96(6), 1–14.

Erlina, N., & Fitri, L. A. (2016). Penggunaan Layanan Konseling Individu dengan Pendekatan Behavioral untuk Mengurangi Prilaku Membolos Peserta Didik Kelas VIII MTs Miftahul Ulum Merabung Iii Kecamatan Pugung Kabupaten Tanggamus. KONSELI: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling (E-Journal), 3(1), 19–28.

Fauzana, A., & Firman. (2019). The Relationship of Self Determination with Student Learning Outcomes of Skipping at SMAN 5 Pariaman. Jurnal Neo Konseling, 1(2).

Galla, B. M., & Wood, J. J. (2015). Trait Self-Control Predicts Adolescents’ Exposure and Reactivity to Daily Stressful Events. Journal of Personality, 83(1), 69–83.

Gase, L. N., DeFosset, A., Kuo, T., & Perry, R. (2016). Youths’ perspectives on the reasons underlying school truancy and opportunities to improve school attendance. Qualitative Report, 21(2), 299–320.

Gentle-Genitty, C., Karikari, I., Chen, H., Wilka, E., & Kim, J. (2015). Truancy: a look at definitions in the USA and other territories. Educational Studies, 41(1–2), 62–90.

Handaka, I. B., & Maulana, C. (2017). Peran Guru Bimbingan dan Konseling dalam Implementasi Gerakan Literasi Nasional. Prosiding Seminar Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 1(1), 227–237.

Handaramon, Y., Syahniar, & Netrawati. (2019). Self-Adjustment of Truant Students In Vocational High School 5 Padang. 1(3), 1–7.

Hardie, J. H. (2015). The Broken Compass: Parental Involvement with Children’s Education. In Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews (Vol. 44).

Hasgimianti, H., Nirwana, H., & Daharnis, D. (2017). Perhatian Orangtua dan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Yang Berlatar Belakang Melayu dan Jawa. Insight Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 6(2), 130–143.

Hixson, J. T. (2012). The relationship of student family structure and absence type to reading achievement. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Hurley, P. J. (2017). Ego depletion and auditors’ busy season. Behavioral Research in Accounting, 29(2), 25–35.

Ilmi, M., & Yusri, Y. (2020). Factors Causing Students To Play Truant And Teacher’s Efforts To Overcome Them. Jurnal Neo Konseling, 2(1), 1–6.

Intani, C. P., & Ifdil, I. (2018). Hubungan kontrol diri dengan prestasi belajar siswa. Jurnal EDUCATIO: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 4(2), 65.

Jabar, M. A. (2020). Qualitative inquiry on parental involvement in children’s education: perspectives of parents, children, and teachers in select elementary schools in the Philippines. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 91(10), 1–15.

Jennings, Z. (2016). Impact of the provision of school lunch on attendance in remote rural Jamaican primary schools. International Journal of Educational Development, 46, 74–81.

Karpika, I. P., Ratih, K., & Purnami, S. (2019). Penerapan Konseling Behavioral Dengan Media Video Terapi Untuk Mengatasi Perilaku Bolos Siswa Kelas Xi Sma Negeri 1 Abiansemal Tahun Pelajaran 2018 / 2019. Jurnal Pendidikan, 20(2), 315–324.

Kearney, C. A., & Albano, A. M. (2018). When children refuse school: Therapist guide. Oxford University Press.

Keppens, G., & Spruyt, B. (2017). Towards a typology of occasional truancy: an operationalisation study of occasional truancy in secondary education in Flanders. Research Papers in Education, 32(1), 121–135.

Khadijah, K., Marjohan, M., & Bentri, A. (2016). Kontribusi Dukungan Orangtua dan Persepsi Siswa tentang Disiplin Belajar terhadap Perilaku Membolos serta Implikasinya terhadap Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling. Konselor, 5(3), 172.

Khairunnisa, A. (2013). Hubungan religiusitas dan kontrol diri dengan perilaku seksual pranikah remaja di MAN 1 Samarinda. EJournal Psikologi, 1(2), 220–229.

Kholifah, N., & Rusmawati, D. (2018). Hubungan Antara Keberfungsian Keluarga Dengan Kontrol Diri Remaja Pada Siswa Sman 2 Semarang. Empati, 7(2), 149–159.

Kraft, I. A. (2015). Normality and Pathology in Childhood: Assessments of Development by Anna Freud. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 16(4), 507–509.

Marcum, C. D., Higgins, G. E., & Poff, B. (2016). Exploratory investigation on theoretical predictors of the electronic leash. Computers in Human Behavior, 61, 213–218.

Marthen, Y. (2018). Pengaruh kontrol diri dan stres sekolah terhadap perilaku membolos siswa smk kesehatan samarinda. Psikoborneo, 6(4), 804–813.

Maslihah, S. (2011). Studi Tentang Hubungan Dukungan Sosial, Penyesuaian Sosial di Lingkungan Sekolah dan Prestasi Akademik Siswa Smpit Assyfa Boarding School Subang Jawa Barat. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 10(2), 103–114.

Masya, H., & Kamil, B. (2019). Effectiveness of Self Management in Reducing Truancy Behavior of High School Students in Bandar Lampung. KONSELI: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling (E-Journal), 6(1), 43–48.

Maynard, B. R., Vaughn, M. G., Nelson, E. J., Salas-Wright, C. P., Heyne, D. A., & Kremer, K. P. (2017). Truancy in the United States: Examining temporal trends and correlates by race, age, and gender. Children and Youth Services Review, 81(August), 188–196.

Mazerolle, L., Antrobus, E., Bennett, S., & Eggins, E. (2017). Reducing Truancy and Fostering a Willingness to Attend School: Results from a Randomized Trial of a Police-School Partnership Program. Prevention Science, 18(4), 469–480.

Milyavskaya, M., & Inzlicht, M. (2017). What’s So Great About Self-Control? Examining the Importance of Effortful Self-Control and Temptation in Predicting Real-Life Depletion and Goal Attainment. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8(6), 603–611.

Murdianti, Y. T., & Nursalim, M. (2018). Studi Tentang Perilaku Membolos Siswa di SMP Negeri 2 Semen Puhsarang Kabupaten Kediri. Jurnal BK UNESA, 9(1), 109–116.

Ningsih, R. (2018). Pengaruh Kontrol Diri terhadap Perilaku Disiplin Remaja. Jurnal Psikoedukasi Dan Konseling, 2(2), 48–52.

Nirwana, H. (2013). Bimbingan Kelompok dan Kesiapan Siswa Dalam Mengikuti Ujian Nasional (UN). 3(1), 17–21.

Oktary, D., Marjohan, M., & Syahniar, S. (2019). The Effects of Self-Confidence and Social Support of Parents On Interpersonal Communication of Students. Journal of Educational and Learning Studies, 2(1), 5.

Olivia, R. F. (2017). Hubungan Antara Kontrol Diri Dengan Perilaku Membolos Siswa Kelas X SMKN 1 Ngasem Kediri Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017. Simki-Pedagogia, 1(3), 1–7.

Önder, E. (2017). Student absenteeism in secondary education, absenteeism-related school practices and recommended policies. Egitim ve Bilim, 42(190), 361–378.

Purwasih, R., Dharmayana, I. W., & Sulian, I. (2018). Hubungan Kompetensi Kontrol Diri Terhadap Kecenderungan Perilaku Agresif Siswa Smk Bengkulu Utara. Consilia : Jurnal Ilmiah Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 1(1), 52–59.

Putra, A. R. B. (2015). Peran Guru Bimbingan Konseling Mengatasi Kenakalan Remaja di Sekolah. Pedagogik: Jurnal Pendidikan, 10(1), 32–39.

Putri, M. S., Daharnis, D., & Zikra, Z. (2017). Hubungan Kontrol Diri dengan Perilaku Membolos Siswa. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 6(1), 81–85.

Putri, Y. E., Daharnis, D., & Marjohan, M. (2018). Self-control of ctudents in using the Internet. Konselor, 7(3), 101–108.

Rogers, T., & Feller, A. (2018). Reducing student absences at scale by targeting parents’ misbeliefs. Nature Human Behaviour, 2(5), 335–342.

Rokhimah, S. (2014). Pengaruh dukungan sosial dan efikasi diri terhadap minat melanjutkan pendidikan ke perguruan tinggi pada SMA Negeri 1 Tenggarong Seberang. Psikoborneo, 2(3), 149–156.

Safitri, N., Neviyarni, & Irianto, A. (2014). Efektivitas Layanan Bimbingan Kelompok untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar dan Mengurangi Perilaku Membolos Siswa. Jurnal Konselor, 3(4), 184–200.

Salmi, S., Hariko, R., & Afdal, A. (2018). Hubungan kontrol diri dengan perilaku bullying siswa. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 8(2), 88.

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2011). Health psychology biopsychosocial interaction. United State Of Amerika: John Wlley & Sons.

Saragi, M. P. D., Iswari, M., & Mudjiran. (2016). Kontribusi Konsep Diri Dan Dukungan Orangtua. Konselor, 5(1), 1–14.

Sari, I. P., Ifdil, I., Sano, A., & Yendi, F. M. (2020). Self-Control of Adolescent in using Smartphone. Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEK Indonesia, 4(2), 101–109.

Sari, S., Yusri, & Said, A. (2017). Kontrol Diri Siswa dalam Belajar dan Persepsi Siswa terhadap Upaya Guru BK untuk Meningkatkan Kontrol Diri. Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia, 2(1), 32–37.

Sari, U. M., Yusuf, A. M., & Bentri, A. (2016). Truancy and Implications in Guidance and Counseling. Konselor, 5(3), 151.

Sari, W. P., & Muis, T. (2018). Studi kasus tentang perilaku membolos siswa si SMA Negeri 1 Plumpang Tuban. Jurnal BK UNESA, 9(1), 23–30.

Satriana, N., & Nirwana, H. (2020). Contribution of Parents ’ Support to Adolescent Attitudes About Free Sex Behavior. International Journal of Applied Counseling and Social Sciences, 2(1), 49–54.

Sucipto, S. (2017). Pengaruh Self-Regulated Learning dan Dukungan orangtua Terhadap Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Pada Mata Pelajaran Ekonomi Program Studi Ips Sma Negeri Di Kota Jombang. Jurnal Ekonomi Pendidikan Dan Kewirausahaan, 2(2), 236.

Suhendra, M., S, N., & Ahmad, R. (2016). Kontribusi Motivasi Berprestasi terhadap Regulasi Diri Siswa Membolos di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Payakumbuh serta Implikasinya terhadap Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling. Konselor, 5(2), 124.

Suleman, Q., Hussain, I., & Ikram Kayani, A. (2017). Factors Contributing to Truancy Among Secondary School Students in Karak District, Pakistan. 8(25), 65–74.

Syaibani, R., Darmayanti, N., & Hasanuddin. (2019). Hubungan antara dukungan teman sebaya dan kontrol diri dengan kenakalan remaja SMA Swasta Dharmawangsa. PROCEEDING: The Dream of Millenial Generation to Grow, 2(1), 1–10.

Thalib, S. B. (2017). Psikologi pendidikan berbasis analisis empiris aplikatif. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Thompson, R., & Goodvin, R. (2016). Social Support and Developmental Psychopathology. Developmental Psychopathology, 3(1), 1–49.

Tutiona, Munir, Ratu, Hidayat, S., Suryantoro, H., & Wiratama, J. (2016). Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling, Kampus FKIP Untad Bumi Tadulako Tondo 59. Konseling & Psikoedukasi, 1(2), 415.

Yulianthi, H., Komalasari, G., & Mamesah, M. (2012). Faktor penyebab siswa membolos ( Survey pada Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 232 Jakarta ). INSIGHT: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 1(2), 3–6.

Yun, H. J., Cui, M., & Blair, B. L. (2016). The Mediating Roles of Adolescent Disclosure and Parental Knowledge in the Association Between Parental Warmth and Delinquency Among Korean Adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(8), 2395–2404.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 58 times
 PDF Downloaded : 22 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.