The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off


Technical Vocational Education Training (TVET) institutions play a crucial role in development of human capital required to transform the developing countries into fully developed nations. The technical skills acquire by the students are led by the industrial needs. However, technical courses are popular among the male students and only a small number of female students enroll into TVET institutions. This paper investigates the gender inequality issues and challenges in TVET education. A comparative study in terms of internship and promotions are included. Consequently, this paper also highlights on the technical and vocational career lines as an alternative pathway for TVET graduates to achieve career success and enhanced social inclusion through higher salaries, job status and educational attainment. The findings indicate that employability of the graduates were related to the individual’s strength and organization’s ability to appreciate, motivate and support the individuals in their career progression regardless the gender


Industrial Attachment, Technical Training, Vocational Education, Woman in TVET, Skill for Employability